Bast fibre s are those fibre s which are collected from the bast or skin from the secondary phloem of the plant. Such as–. In India, Ganga delta region is excellent for jute cultivation as this region has fertile alluvium soil & favourable temperature along with sufficient rainfall. Raw jute plays an important role in the country’s economy. X-bottoms: Weak, harsh jute but free from tangled jute and stick. Jute is environmentally friendly as well as being one of the most affordable fibres; jute plants are easy to grow, have a high yield per acre and, unlike cotton, have little need for pesticides and fertilizers. Jute seed. In terms of usage, production and global consumption, jute is second only to cotton. A) Biology of Jute. (a) Single crop (b) Large area (c) Produce raw material for industries (d) All of the above (d) All of the above 24. The fibre is extracted from the bark of the stem of various jute species and goes through an elaborate processing cycle before becoming a finished jute product. Bangla White-E (BW-E): Any colour, any strength but free from perished fibres, unretted jute. টেক্সটাইল ইঞ্জিনিয়ারদের কাজ করার সুযোগ ও পর্যাপ্ত চাহিদা, বিসিএসে টেক্সটাইল ক্যাডার এখন সময়ের চাহিদা মাত্র. With a grin he explained that jute is the only crop where earnings begin to trickle in way before the final harvest. Raw jute was originally considered as a … Coir, pineapple leaf fibre, banana stem fibre, and kapok fibre are used for different purposes. And as a result of the non-ending researches, m... Once, jute fibre was widely known as the "golden fibre" or. Fertiliser Schedule : Response of jute to nitrogen is universal and improved varieties of olitorius are more responsive to nitrogen than capsularis. About Jute. Jute, a long, soft plant fiber that is spun into coarse, strong threads, is obtained from the plants Corchorus olitorius and Corchorus capsularis. Jute twine in varying weights and thickness is, used extensively both in India and abroad for sewing, tying, and for a variety of industrial applications such as packing pipe joints, cable binding, etc. Jute grows very fast as compared to other products. Almost 85% of the world's jute cultivation is concentrated in the Ganges Delta. It is the fiber used to make hessian sacks and garden twine. ; Jute (Corchorus capsularis L and C.olitorius L.) is one of the most important cash crops of eastern India.Exported as goods and as raw fibre. Men have been trying their best to find out substitutes for jute but their efforts have not been so successful. Free Scholarships to Study Abroad | Browse Now! Jute is a crop of warm and humid climate which is grown in rainfed situation during summer to early rainy season (mid March to end of July). Fertile region necessary for jute production is shared by India and Bangladesh. Jute is extracted from the bark of the white jute plant (Corchorus capsularis) and to a lesser extent from tossa jute (C. olitorius). •This type of jute is grown in the district of Rajshahi, Dinajpur, Bogra and Pabna etc. Jute is considered as the golden fiber. Incessant researches are being carried out to ensure a beautiful, vibrant and improved life. Edible leaves. Jute fabric is a type of textile fiber made from the jute plant. Which among the following is a fibre crop? Together with C. capsularis it is the primary source of jute fiber. Corchorus olitorius Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: … (b) Uniform light golden to reddish colour, fine texture, strong and good lustre, clean cut and well hackled, completely free from any blemish. The two species of the jute plant do not differ much except in … In trade and industry, jute and mesta crop together known as raw jute as their uses are almost same. •These types of jute are considered to be best and finest in quality having strong, bald and lustrous fibres. Jute is one of the important natural fibers after cotton in terms of cultivation and usage. Jute is an annual crop taking about 120 days (April/May-July/August) to grow. Cellulose produced from jute can be used to suffice the demand of wood around the world. Fibres which are obtained from stem or bark of certain vegetable plants, are called bast fibres. The jute plant, a native of the Indian subcontinent, is a herbaceous annual growing to a height of around 10 to 12 feet with a central cylindrical stem, and 4- to 6-inch long light green leaves and yellow flowers. Cotton provides the basic raw material to cotton textile industry. Bangla Tossa-C (BT-C): Mixed colours, average strength, occasional bark and soft specks allowable but free from runners, slightly croppy and gummy tops permissible, well cut and hackled but free from black root ends. Introduction. Such as –Jute, flax, hemp, ramie, kenaf etc. Jute was once known as the golden fibre of Bangladesh, since it was the most important cash crop for the country. •This type of jute fibre grows in the district of Mymensingh, Dhaka and Comilla. Mineral oil is the commonly used lubricant, applied as an emulsion in water. The crop also suits well in crop rotation. Rough cut and hackled bark and hard centre permissible. Environment-friendly and bio-degradable, jute is an important cash crop for India and Bangladesh, exported to many foreign countries. • Raw jute is the natural fibre which is extremely eco- friendly. The primary source of the fiber is Corchorus olitorius, but it is considered inferior to Corchorus capsularis. Which one of the following is the feature of plantation agriculture? (a) Light to medium grey colour, sound clean, good texture, average lustre, clean cut and well hackled, free from any defects. The leaves and young fruits are used as a vegetable, the dried leaves are used for tea and as a soup thickener, and the seeds are edible. "Jute" is the name of the plant or fiber used to make burlap, hessian or gunny cloth. Jute – Golden Fiber of Bangladesh. •This type of jute is mainly low quality, hairy and little in length. It is made of cellulose and lignin plant material. Jute is a natural vegetable fibre. Jute is an amazing fibre - it's incredibly sustainable, it's affordable, it's fast-drying and it's breathable. Raw jute plays an important role in the country’s economy. It is most affordable natural fiber and is 100% biodegradable. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Which one is an important rabi crop? Bangla White-D (BW-D): Any colour, average strength, occasional bark and specks permissible, slightly croppy and gummy tops permissible and red ends also permissible. (a) Uniform sliver grey to golden colour, fine texture, strong and good lustre, clean cut and well hackled, completely free from any blemish. Jute dicotyledenous fibre-yielding plant of the genus Corchorus, order Tiliaceae. It is a natural fibre with golden and silky shine and hence called the Golden Fibre. • Jute is one of the cheapest and the strongest of all natural fibers and considered as fibre of the future. But it The crop is ready for harvesting when the flowers begin to fade. Jute is a wonderful crop in the world. While there are a few different botanical varieties of jute, one of the main species used to make jute fabric is Corchorus olitorius (white jute). Classification of jute according to Geographical distribution in Bangladesh: There are three types of jute according to their quality. It hardly takes 4-6 months. Raw jute from which roots have not been cut. Jute is rightly called the second important fibre crop of India or the golden fibre. Bangla Tossa-E(BT-E): Any colour, any strength but free from unretted jute and stick and perished fibers. In trade and industry, jute and mesta crop together known as raw jute as their uses are almost same. JUTE CULTIVATION 15. Jute is a parenchymatus fibre. 14. in between the river Ganga and Brahmaputra. i) Hard district: The hard district jute is better than the soft district. Jute (Corchorus sp. It is so called because of its shiny brown colour. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Jute: 12: Which type climate is Required : warm & humid: 13: Fibre is obtained from … by retting: Phloem: 14: Jute is a : Parenchymatus fibre. (b) Light grey or reddish excluding dark grey colour, sound clean, good texture, average lustre, clean cut and well hackled, free from any defects. ii) Soft district: This type of jute grows in the district of Noakhali, Pabna, Barisal, lower Comilla and part of Dhaka. Let's take a closer look at exactly how this fibre is cultivated, the type of fabrics it makes and just why it's so eco-friendly. There are two types of it, such as–. which type jute is more popular : white jute: 10: Family: Fabiaceae/ Tilliacea: 11: Most important fiber crop in India. 199 kg K 2 O, 175 kg CaO and 42 kg Mg ha-1. Jute Fibre. Thus the production of jute fiber assumes high socio-economic significance in our country. JUTE CULITVATION Jute is a rainy season crop, sown from March to May according to rainfall and type of land. (a) Rubber (b) Jute (c) Tomato (d) Coffee (b) Jute 23. Cotton is a kharif crop which requires 6 to 8 months to mature. Jute mallow or nalta jute is a species of shrub in the family Malvaceae. 22. Cotton and jute are the two most important fibre crops of India. Texpedi.com | A reliable source of learning textiles, Graphene -A miracle material of the 21st century: A review. Esparto, a fiber from a grass; Jute, widely used, it is the cheapest fiber after cotton; Flax, produce linen; Indian hemp, the Dogbane used by Native Americans; Hemp, a soft, strong fiber, edible seeds; Hoopvine, also used for barrel hoops and baskets, edible leaves, medicine; Kenaf, the interior of the plant stem is used for its fiber. The crop is grown in West Bengal, Assam, Northern Bihar, south-eastern Orissa, Tripura and eastern Uttar Pradesh. Introduction of Jute: – Jute is an important natural fibre cash crop just like cotton crop and grows well in hot and moist climate. The main cotton producing states are Gujarat, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. Bangla White-C (BW-C): Light grey or light reddish to straw colour, clean, sound strength, average lustre, clean but free from croppy or hard gummy, tops and roots and red soft ends are permissible. It is produced from flowering plants in the genus Corchorus, which is in the mallow family Malvaceae.