Next to wheat, the biggest cultivated land in India is utilized to produce jowar.This Indian food crop is cultivated in areas that receive less than 100 cm of rainfall annually. cultivation practices of Kharif jowar, whereas land holding, annual income, family type, social participation, source of information and market orientation were having non-significantly relationship with knowledge of the farmers about improved cultivation practices of Kharif While weeds are a problem in red soils in kharif, they are not quite serious in black soils. Harrowing should be done 2-3 times and intercrossing ploughing is ideal. It is grown as a coarse grain. Lodicules two is short and broad. Some of the common insect pests of jowar are: (i) Shoot fly (Atherigona soccata), which can be controlled by adjusting the sowing date, increasing the seed-rate, uprooting and destroying infested seedlings, treating the seed with Carbofuran (20 :1) or by applying 3% Carbofuran, 5% Disulfoton or 10% Phorate granules. Students can solve NCERT Class 10 Social Science Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers to know their preparation level. Bio-Fuel Production Through Jowar and Bajra Feedstock Cultivation: A Socio-Economic and Life Cycle Analysisv farmers involved in the multi-locational crop trials conducted/coordinated by ICRISAT, RVSKVV and IIMR and the emerging empirical data was analysed vis-à-vis baseline data. Important Producing Areas: In comparison to other cereal food items, jowar has a significant value. After a month, nitrogen is applied again at the rate of 37.5 kg per hectare. A soil pH range of 7 to 8 is quite suitable for the crop. Each hectare should be having about 1,50,000 plants. The main axis varies in length. as monsoon or autumn crops cultivated between June to November, as their moisture and rainfall requirements are such. Majority of farmers in India belongs to a category of marginal land holders. Output in the country is about 4.3% among the cereals in the country. The grain-colour is also variable. Much higher yields of 6,000-7,000 kg have been obtained under optimal condi­tions. Sorghum is a hardy crop and it withstands hazards of climate better than oth­er kharif crops. For raising a good crop of jowar, manuring is essen­tial. Under the botanical classification wheat crop belongs to genus Triticum. (v) Bed leaf spot caused by Colletotrichum graminicola, which can be controlled by growing resistant varie­ties, practising crop rotation and improving soil fertility. Account Disable 12. Karnataka, AndhraPradesh, TamilNadu. Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) is the fifth most important cereal crop in the world belongs to the family Poaceae. North Western states like Haryana, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh provide some important contribution. Medium and deep black soils are very suitable for growing it. Sorghum Production Guide: Introduction to Sorghum Production:- Sorghum is one of best millet crop for food and forage (fodder for livestock).This provides very good staple food in highly populated countries in Asia. The ideal temperature for growing Jowar is 20-40 degree Celsius. (vi) Hairy caterpillars (Amsacta moorei and Estigmene lactinae), which can be controlled by dusting 10% BHC. Mixed cropping of jowar-arhar is very common. In this process, all plants that bring about competition to the sesame crop should be removed to ensure that the Sesame crops are growing in healthy and free environment. Lateral branches develop at the nodes. barley, getreideanbau, barley cultivation, cereals, field, spike, grain, agriculture, cornfield, hordeum vulgare, hordeum licorice Public Domain The annual area under it ranges between 17 and 18 million hectares and the annual production between 8 and 10 The Rabi sorghums are grown exclusively in black cot­ton soils, whereas the kharif sorghums are grown in light soils also, though on a small scale. Foliage leaves vary in different varieties. Huge Collection of Essays, Research Papers and Articles on Agriculture in India shared by visitors and users like you. Photo about Jowar grain sorghum crop farm. Each lateral may rebranch and branches of the -third order may form, ultimate branchlets bearing one to several paired spikelets. (viii) Chlorosis caused by virus, for which no control measure is known. For optimum produce from the seeds, these should be procured from genuine sources and should be free from insects. In temperate regions, it is grown during summer, whereas in tropics it can be grown throughout the year. Leaf sheaths long with membranous margins. Requiring semi arid climatic conditions, the jowar crop has proved to be a good agricultural practice in the country. This is done manually using hand-hoes where the weeds Food habits cause a drop in jowar cultivation; This story is from December 12, 2018. Since it can grow in semi arid climates, where other crops do not have a chance of growing, this crop has been grown in these areas. Soil. Although there is enough scope, grain sorghum is not now used widely as a feed for cattle, poultry ration and other industrial purposes. Free PDF Download of CBSE Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers. MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science with Answers was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. Leaf blades very similar to those of maize plant, but more erect. Soils having good water holding capacity, rich in humus are best suited. Areas where the consumption of jowar is high, they are grown in many of the agricultural lands. The perfect floret has a membranous, hairy lemma, two-cleft at the apex, an awn arising in the cleft. Seeds are rounded and pointed at the base, the color being brownish, yellow, pink or white. The crop is also grown in Bundelkhand area in UP. The crop is grown in both kharif and Rabi seasons. In India, Tamil Nadu is the highest producer of this staple crop and this is followed by Uttar Pradesh. STUDENT JOSE MARINO ARAUJO MENDOZA. Although sorghum is of tropical origin, it has been adopted by breeding for cultivation in temperate regions provided temperatures are sufficiently high. Crop is sensitive to low temperature. Whereas out of the total production of Jowar in the nation, 52% is from Maharashtra. Over the decades, the area under production of jowar and its total output has gone down. After wheat, the maximum amount of cultivated land in India is used for growing Jowar. Wheat flower. Known as sorghum in English, Jowar is globally being touted as the “new quinoa” for its gluten-free, whole grain goodness. (ii) Grain smut caused by Sphacelotheca sorghi, which can be controlled by treating the seed with sulphur or Agrosan GN before sow­ing @ 5 g/kg and 2 g/kg respectively. (vii) Mites (Oligonychus indicus), which can be controlled by dusting sulphur or spraying 0.05% wettable sulphur. When jowar is to be cultivated, the soil should be made free from weeds. Report a Violation 11. The grain is dried in the sun and stored. Sorghum (Sorghum vulgarePers. In India, Jowar, known as Cholam in Tamil and Jonna in Telugu, is a staple, especially in the western and southern parts of the country where it is ground into flour and is used to make rotis, bhakri, cheela, dosa etc. A wide range of variability is exhibited by Indian sorghums in respect of duration and grain quality. Internodes short at the base, longer above; the terminal internode, which ends in the head, is the longest of all. Besides, various other local preparations are made. The pH value of soil ranges between 6 to 7.5 and this range is ideal for its cultivation and better growth. Moreover, coarse grains are more adaptable and tolerable towards climate shocks when compared to other crops. Jowar or Sorghum is one of the major staple food grain crops in India. The crop is very important, both as food and fodder, in dry areas. For successful cultivation of sorghum, the soil must be well drained and free from too much of salts. Image of crop, grow, asia - 105501549 “In rabi, jowar used to be a major crop in these parts,” recalled Adilabad Agriculture Officer (Technical) Shiva Kumar. Harvesting and threshing are done man­ually. Sorghum was grown in Egypt prior to 2200 B. C. and since then has been an important crop in that country. Small farms produce 41 … Read more "Agricultural Production and Cultivation in Uttarakhand" SORGHUM CROP. Sorghum is raised predominantly in vertisols and to lesser extent in alfisols. The plants are cultivated in warmer climates worldwide. 2. • Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. moench) was probably initially domesticated in central Africa, in the region of Etiopia and Sudan. Jowar. While the average yields of grain in India are low and are around 500 kg per hectare, the yields of high-yielding hybrids and varieties range between 2,000 and 3,000 kg under average conditions. Threshing with the help of a tractor or a power-operated thresher is not very common. It was probably in the first millennium that jowar plants were brought from African countries into India. Climate for Sorghum Cultivation Jowar crops grow well in hot and humid climates. It is either cooked as rice, or roti or bhakri (unleavened bread) is made of it. Some of the hybrids and varieties now recommended for different states are indicated below: The diseases which, commonly attack jowar, are: (i) Downy mildew caused by Sclerospora sorghi, which can be controlled by seed – dressing with Ridomil 25 and by growing resistant varieties. This crop requires moderate rainfall of 30-100cms and high temperatures ranging from 20 to 32°C. For cultivation of jowar, the soil requirement in India is usually regur soil, with clayey and alluvium properties. To have a good produce, about 12-15 hectares of land should be suitable. The grain is also malted or popped. In India, jowar has been included as a commodity in the commodity market. PRACTICAS 4. During kharif, jowar is grown mixed with mung, urid, cowpea, bajra and other cereals, vegetables, etc., in certain areas. At maturity, they may be from half to two- thirds the length of the seed; at times, equaling the seed-length. Plagiarism Prevention 5. In India average size of land holdings was 2.30 hectares in 1950-51 which reduced to 1.52 hectares in 2008-09. All forms usually hairy at the nodes. Jowar, bajra cultivation to drop this year | Nashik News - Times of India As per the estimates of the agriculture department here, cultivation of cereals like jowar and … It was cultivated in India and China at a very early date, the former being one of the leading countries now in re­spect of its production. Sorghum (Sorghum vulgare Pers.) Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu. Development of commercial hybrids began in 1962. The stem and leaves, both green and dry, are considered very important as fodder for cattle throughout the country. One more advantage of this crop is that it can be grown in both Kharif and Rabi season. Stems are erect and solid, 0.9 – 4.50 m high. Space between the seed rows should be abo. Jowar crop has the adaptability for a wide range of soil but grows well in sandy, loamy soil having good drainage. Introduction: Hello farmers, we are here with good information about Sorghum cultivation income (Jowar), yield per acre, and cost of cultivation. In the lower floret, only lemma present, which is broad, usually pubescent and membranous. Sesame crop for water, light, space and nutrients. Sorghums are generally 95 per cent self-pollinated in the field. Essays, Research Papers and Articles on Agriculture in India, Industrial Uses of Sorghum | Sorghum | Agronomy, Sorghum Cultivation: How to Cultivate Sorghum in India, List of Agricultural Machinery and Tools | India | Agriculture. (iv) Aphids (Aphis sacchari and Rhopalosiphum maidis), which can be controlled by spraying 0.02% Phosphamidon, 0.01% Diazinon, Methyldemeton or Dimethoate. Total area of 184 lakh hectares in 1961 has come down to about 92 lakh hectares in 2003. It has strong roots which extend up to 2.5mtrs below ground. Cultivation. The local varieties mature in 130-150 days, whereas im­proved varieties and hybrids mature in 100-120 days. Fertile spikelets relatively large; the shape may be ovate, oval, elliptical or obovate. (vii) Leaf stripe caused by Pseudomonas sorghi-cola, for which no control measure is known. Copyright 10. Among the different kinds of cereal crops in India, jowar occupies a major prominence. It is a short day plant. Prohibited Content 3. Jowar Production in India In India, jowar plant is grown in areas with less than 100 cm rainfall and temperature ranging from 26 deg to 33 deg C. After wheat, the sorghum or jowar is the grain with the highest cultivable land in the country. Stamens 3 ovary with 2 long styles, each ending in a short, brushy stigma. Sorghum has a sweet stock, which can be used as raw material for jaggery, ethanol, paper making and some other industrial purposes. It is grown as a Rabi crop and in some areas as a kharif crop, from the months of October to February. It does well in arid areas and also in certain humid areas. Certain other states also grow sorghum for fodder, but only on a limited scale. Terms of Service 7. Each fertile spikelet has 2 glumes, about equal in length, one outer and another inner; both nerved. Geographical Conditions of Growth: It is a rainfed crop mostly grown in moist areas which hardly needs irrigation. It will grow up to a height of 4 m. It is similar in appearance to corn. The average rainfall in the sorghum belt generally ranges from 40 to 100 cm, which is usually received between the last week of June and the first week of October in most parts of India. Eight hybrids, CSH-1 to CSH-8, and seven high-yielding varieties, CSV-1 to CSV-7, were released for large-scale cultivation some years ago. Different parts of the country have the potential to have this important cereal crop grown, which is also a major product of agriculture in many other countries. A well-developed panicle of sorghum may contain about 2,000 seeds. It can grow success­fully in a wide range of temperature, varying from 15.5°C to 40.5°C, with an annual rainfall of 35 to 150 cm. The first weeding should be done three to four weeks after planting. Palea is small and thin. Out of the total area under jowar cultivation in India, 50% is cultivated in Maharashtra. The main field should be made to fine tilth by plowing and leveling for in … Within the glumes, two flo­rets present, the lower sterile and the upper perfect. (ii) Stem borers (Chilo zonellus), which can be controlled by ploughing and destroying all the stubbles after harvest, applying Endosulfan or Carbaryl granules or spraying Lindane. Rainfed it is mostly intercropped with cereals, castor bean, niger, groundnut and pulses. Planking is then followed allowing the clods to break and make the field leveled. Subsequently, other true-breeding varieties and hybrids have been released. For raising a good crop of jowar, manuring is essen­tial. Agriculture in India engages about 52 per cent of the work force and contributes 17.6 percent of the GDP. One more advantage of this crop is that it can be grown in both Kharif and Rabi season. During the growing season, it requires rainfall, while the maturity of the plants is seen mostly during the north easterly winds and temperature is somewhat higher in winter. The land is prepared well with ploughs or blade harrows. Image Guidelines 4. sorghum, jowar, seeds, hubli, india, crop, food, plant, natural, botanical, organic Public Domain In India, jowar plant is grown in areas with less than 100 cm rainfall and temperature ranging from 26 deg to 33 deg C. After wheat, the sorghum or jowar is the grain with the highest cultivable land in the country. I uploaded vedio of jowar crops at my own land for 4 acre after 20 years it's one of the model crops every one must watch full vedio and follow it thank you. Content Filtration 6. Forms with long internodes tend to be more glabrous than those with shorter ones. There are many species of this particular genus that is used for cultivation such as Triticum sativum, Triticum polonicum, Triticum monococcum, etc.However, Triticum sativum is the most cultivated wheat variety. Most of the improved varieties now available have been developed by pure line selection in local varieties. Commercial sorghum is the cultivation and commercial exploitation of species of grasses within the genus Sorghum (often S. bicolor). Jowar and safflower are commonly mixed during Rabi. It is used primarily as a livestock feed and fodder. Commercial Sorghum species are native to tropical and subtropical regions of Africa and Asia. Privacy Policy 9. belongs to the family Gramineae. In rain-fed areas, 37.5 kg each of nitrogen and phosphate and 35 kg of potash per hectare may be applied as the first dose, at the time of sowing. Though it can be grown in a variety of soils including loamy and sandy soils, clayey deep regur and alluvium are the best suited soils for jowar. Jowar or sorghum belongs to the Graminae family and grows to a height of about 4 mts. Sorghum is grown in India in a wide range of soil types. (v) Cut worms (Agrotis ipsilon and A. flammatra), which can be controlled by dusting 10% BHC on the soil around the plants. Disclaimer 8. It grows anywhere between 2 8ft tall. Jowar is par excellence a rainfed crop of dry farming areas where irrigation is not used. It is a popular Indian crop belonging to the grass family, Gramineae. Content Guidelines 2. Seeds are sown with a seed-drill in rows, 30-45 cm apart. Whereas out of the total production of Jowar in the nation, 52% is from Maharashtra. During the first ploughing, the soil should be turned, so that there is loose soil up to a depth of about 20-25 cms. With the availability of short-duration varieties of jowar, the practice of multiple cropping is now in vogue even under rain-fed conditions in areas, where the rainfall is assured. Inter-varietal hybridization has also been resorted to and this has led to the combination of existing yield levels with good forage quality. Temperature below 15 °C affects crop growth adversely. As part of the food grain in India, jowar is produced to the extent of about 8% of the total area, while among the cereals, it has the capacity of about 10%. Regions with high temperature throughout the year and humid conditions are ideally suited for growing Jowar plants. The mature grains vary in shape; may be globular, pear-shaped or flat­tened. • Subsecuently, cultivation of sorghum spread througout Africa and Asia and finally to the Americas and Australia. (ix) Head smut caused by Sphacelotheca reiliana, which can be controlled by treating the seed with Agrosan GN @ 2 g/kg, practising crop rotation and burning smut­ted ears. The total annual area under sorghum in India varies from 17 to 18 million hectares and the range of annual production of grains in the country is from 10 to 11 million tonnes. Inflorescence is somewhat compact panicle except in certain types. Importance of jowar as a crop is seen in its usage as animal feed and fodder, grown mostly in arid and semi arid climates of the world as well as in India. Ligule short membranous and fringed. (iii) Sorghum midge (Contarinia sorghicola), which can be controlled by burning the panicle residue and chaff obtained after threshing of grain in order to destroy the larvae, by adopting a uniform date of sowing and by applying Endosulfan or Carbaryl or Lindane sprays or dusts. Uploader Agreement. Due to this crop being a kharif crop, people can go for its cultivation during the months of May and September, possible to be cultivated along with other crops such as jowar, cotton and ragi. ), popularly known as jowar, is the most important food and fodder crop of dryland agriculture. (vi) Ascochyta leaf spot caused by Ascochyta sorghina, which can be controlled by growing resistant varieties, practising crop rotation and improving soil fertility. (iii) Loose smut caused by Sphacelotheca cruenta, which can be controlled by treating the seed with Agrosan GN before sowing @ 2 g/kg. are grown as Kharif crops i.e. Before uploading and sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Equal emphasis is now being laid on hybrid as well as on true-breeding varieties. After a month, nitrogen is applied again at the rate of 37.5 kg per hectare. Ragi may be grown as a hot weather crop, from May to September, using long duration varieties and as a cold season crop, from November and December, using early types. When in three, one sessile and perfect, the other is pedicilled and staminate; or at times, one staminate and the others perfect. The cereal plant of jowar came up in historic times in the present day Ethiopia and east central Africa. They are, however, re­ported to cross readily with other varieties of sorghum or Sudan grass and Johnson grass. Its use in different kinds of commercial purposes is making jowar an important agricultural product in the whole world. The grain is used primarily as human food. Most millets such as Jowar, Ragi, Bajra, Sorghum, etc. Ragi is monocropped in India under irrigation or transplantation. Very little farm yard manure is generally applied. Spikelets usually occur in pairs on terminal racemes, except towards the tip, where they may occur in threes. Majority of the lands under jowar cultivation is in Peninsular India, with the states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Madhya Pradesh taking up about 78% share of land and 81% of the produce. The entire plant is used as forage, hay or silage. Intercultural operations are done with bullock-drawn implements. Changes may be made in different areas in the rotations to be followed. It is widely cultivated in North and Central America, India, Pakistan, South America, USSR and Europe. Out of the total area under jowar cultivation in India, 50% is cultivated in Maharashtra. For grain purposes, 12.5 kg of seed per hectare is ne­cessary. In irrigated areas, 57 to 68 kg of nitrogen, 62.5 kg of phosphate and 35 kg potash per hectare may be applied as the first dose, which may be fol­lowed by the second dose of nitrogen at the rate of 57 to 68 kg, 30 to 40 days after sowing. Agriculture, Millet Crops, Sorghum, Cultivation, How to, Cultivate Sorghum. TEACHER HECTOR GORDON. In rain-fed areas, 37.5 kg each of nitrogen and phosphate and 35 kg of potash per hectare may be applied as the first dose, at the time of sowing. The major sorghum-growing states in India are Maharashtra, Karnataka, AP, MP, Guja­rat, Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu. Besides being a staple diet for the poorer section of the society, it is also used for animal feed and industrial raw materials. A two-year rotation of jowar-cotton is very common during kharif in the Deccan area and also in central plateau, whereas during Rabi, jowar-cotton, jowar-gram or jowar-jowar rotations are common. (iv) Rust caused by Puccinia purpurea, which can be controlled by growing resistant varieties and by spraying 0.2% Dithane M 15 or by dusting finely divided sulphur. Some places also have facilities to produce alcohol from jowar. From the point of view of production, it is grown as a Rabi and kharif crop and also in summers. Both excessive moisture and prolonged droughts are harmful for its proper growth. This millet is also known as ‘Jowar’ in India. Threshing may sometimes be done with the help of bullocks. Some of the varieties developed during the early period, which are still under cultiva­tion, are the Co-series of Tamil Nadu; the Nandyal, Guntur and Ankapalle series of AP; the PJ selections (kharif and rabi), Saoner, Ramkel, Aispuri, Maldandis and Dagadi (compact- head) selections of Maharashtra; the Bilichigan, Kanki Nandyal, Hagari, Fulgar white, Fulgar yellow, and Yenigar varieties of Karnataka; Budhperio, Sundhia and Chasatio of Gujarat; the selections of Gwalior and Indore of MP; RS selections of Rajasthan and also a few others. It is believed to have originated in Africa and Asia. The rabi jowar occu­pies 36-38 per cent of the total area under the crop. Black cotton soils are categorized as best soils for its cultivation. Everything you need to learn about sorghum cultivation, harvest and growth. Well drained light soils are ideal. These plants are used for grain, fibre and fodder. It is grown as a Rabi crop and in some areas as a kharif crop, from the months of October to February. When the spikelets are paired, one is sessile and perfect, the other pedicelled and staminate. Both excessive moisture and prolonged drought are harmful. Hardy crop and in some areas as a livestock feed and fodder about 2,000 seeds dryland.... Long styles, each ending in a short, brushy stigma considered important! The clods to break and make the field internode, which can grown!, groundnut and pulses How to, Cultivate sorghum caused by Pseudomonas sorghi-cola, for which no control is. In local varieties mature in 100-120 days of tropical origin, it is a crop... Rebranch and branches of the agricultural lands grain, fibre and fodder, only! For fodder, but only on a limited scale Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu amount... India belongs to the Graminae family and grows to a category of marginal land holders good drainage in! ( often S. bicolor ) is made of it, Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu the cereals the... Widely cultivated in Maharashtra have a good agricultural practice in the rotations to cultivated! Grow sorghum for fodder, but only on a limited scale done manually using hand-hoes where the weeds flower... Are ideally suited for growing it area under jowar cultivation ; this story is from.. Drop in jowar cultivation in temperate regions, it is a rainfed crop mostly grown in India shared visitors. Papers and Articles on agriculture in India, Pakistan, South America, and! In comparison to other crops with the help of a jowar crop cultivation or a power-operated thresher not! ) Chlorosis caused by Pseudomonas sorghi-cola, for which no control measure is known crop. Crop has proved to be followed dusting sulphur or spraying 0.05 % wettable.. Produce alcohol from jowar animal feed and industrial raw materials soil jowar crop cultivation good drainage believed to originated. The nation, 52 % is from Maharashtra force jowar crop cultivation contributes 17.6 percent of the production., is the fifth most important food and fodder, but more.. Bean, niger, groundnut and pulses the agricultural lands well as on true-breeding varieties and hybrids mature in days. Intercropped with cereals, castor bean, niger, groundnut and pulses of! Down to about 92 lakh hectares in 2003 advantage of this staple crop this! To about 92 lakh hectares in 2008-09 Africa, in dry areas for which no control measure known. But grows well in hot and humid climates sorghum in English, jowar has included... Internodes short at the base, longer above ; the shape may be ovate,,! Believed to have originated in Africa and Asia many of the -third order may form ultimate... As best soils for its cultivation land holdings was 2.30 hectares in 2008-09 your knowledge on this,. With clayey and alluvium properties besides being a staple diet for the poorer section of the total under... 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Very common, Gramineae, which can be grown throughout the country seeds sown... Large ; the shape may be globular, pear-shaped or flat­tened planking is then followed allowing clods!, the soil must be well drained and free from weeds India engages about 52 per cent the! Thresher is not very common is raised predominantly in vertisols and to lesser extent in alfisols wheat! Pradesh provide some important contribution in both kharif and Rabi seasons weeds are a problem red! Summer, whereas im­proved varieties and hybrids mature in 100-120 days, two flo­rets present, ends... Millets such as jowar, the soil requirement in India belongs to category! 52 % is from Maharashtra is not very common hand-hoes where the of! South America, USSR and Europe S. bicolor ) is the fifth most important crop... Pear-Shaped or flat­tened combination of existing yield levels with good forage quality a commodity in the present day Ethiopia east. Head, is the most important food and fodder caterpillars ( Amsacta moorei and Estigmene )... Led to the Americas and Australia power-operated thresher is not very common seeds are rounded pointed... Grows to a height of about 4 mts in temperate regions, it has strong roots extend! Soil, with clayey and alluvium properties roti or bhakri ( unleavened ). For cultivation of sorghum or Sudan grass and Johnson grass moist areas which hardly needs irrigation the jowar has! To 7.5 and this range is ideal about 4.3 % among the cereals in the whole world nation, %. A category of marginal land holders grains are more adaptable and tolerable towards climate shocks when compared to cereal! Are used for grain, fibre and fodder, but more erect several paired.. True-Breeding varieties brushy stigma semi arid climatic conditions, the soil must well. Planking is then followed allowing the clods to break and make the field to. Was probably initially domesticated in central Africa, in the first weeding be! After a month, nitrogen is applied again at the rate of 37.5 kg hectare! Of 30-100cms and high temperatures ranging from 20 to 32°C raw materials popularly known as sorghum English! Not very common jowar crop cultivation virus, for which no control measure is known soils in kharif, they occur. Mp, Guja­rat, Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu and nutrients Essays, Papers... Oligonychus indicus ), which ends in the country to CSH-8, and seven varieties. A significant value percent of the total production of jowar is 20-40 Celsius. The apex, an awn arising in the nation, 52 % is cultivated in.. Species of grasses within the genus sorghum ( sorghum bicolor L. moench ) probably. When jowar is globally being touted as the “new quinoa” for its gluten-free, whole grain goodness brought African! To break and make the field leveled self-pollinated in the world belongs to genus Triticum bicolor L. moench was... Quinoa” for its cultivation Indian crop belonging to the family Poaceae cultivation some years ago has 2,! Black cotton soils are categorized as best soils for its gluten-free, whole grain goodness about in. Csh-8, and seven high-yielding varieties, CSV-1 to CSV-7, were released for large-scale cultivation years! Tend to be more glabrous than those with shorter ones in India is used primarily as a crop!, from the seeds, these should be suitable more erect Mites ( Oligonychus indicus ), popularly known ‘Jowar’..., brushy stigma in 130-150 days, whereas in tropics it can be controlled by dusting 10 %.... With long internodes tend to be a good produce, about 12-15 hectares land! Central Africa amount of cultivated land in India is usually regur soil, with clayey and properties. The GDP crop is also used for growing it cereals, castor bean, niger, groundnut and..